Robotics and its Applications

Table of Contents

Introduction to Robotics

Robots are machines capable of carrying out tasks with minimal human intervention or even autonomously. Robotics (references 1, 2, 3, 4) is a multidisciplinary field that involves the study, design, and construction of robots and draws on knowledge and skills from mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science, and mathematics.
Robots can take different forms and may be used in manufacturing , healthcare in general and surgical operations in particular, agriculture, space exploration , entertainment and many other applications . Some robots are designed to perform specific tasks, such as assembling parts in a factory, while others are more general-purpose and can adapt to different situations.
Robotics also involves the development of the algorithms and the software that control the robots. This includes programming the robots to perform tasks, sensing and processing information about the environment, and making decisions based on that information. Robotics also includes the study of the interaction between robots and humans, and the development of user interfaces that allow people to control and interact with robots.

Applications and Use of Robots

Robots Performing Surgical Operations

Robots are increasingly being used in surgical operations. Robotic-assisted surgery, also known as robotically-assisted surgery, is a type of minimally invasive surgery that is performed using robotic systems.[11]
In robot-assisted surgery, the surgeon uses a computer console to control the robotic system, which is equipped with surgical instruments and a high-definition camera. The surgeon operates the instruments through small incisions in the patient's body, and the camera provides a 3D view of the surgical site. The robotic system enhances the surgeon's ability to use the fingers, hands and arms to perform the task with precision and control. It also helps in performing a more accurate and less invasive surgery.
Robot-assisted surgery is used in a wide range of surgical procedures, including:

There are several benefits to robot-assisted surgery, including:

Robots in Manufacturing Industries

Robots are widely used in manufacturing industries for various purposes, such as assembling, welding, material handling, and quality control [12]. Here are some examples of how robots are used in manufacturing industries:

Robots and Space Exploration

Robots have been used extensively in space exploration for a variety of tasks, such as planetary exploration, sample collection, and maintenance of space infrastructure.
Here are some projects of robots used in space exploration:

More References and Links

  1. Robotics: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) 1st Edition - Alan Winfield - November 2012.
  2. Robotics: Everything You Need to Know About Robotics from Beginner to Expert – By Peter Mckinnon - Jan. 28 2016
  3. Robotics: Control, Sensing, Vision, and Intelligence – by by K. S. Fu, R.C. Gonzalez , C.S.G. Lee - January 1, 1987
  4. Introduction to Robotics: Mechanics and Control" by John J. Craig
  5. Industrial Robotics: Technology, Programming, and Applications - by Mikell P. Groover, Mitchell Weiss, Roger N. Nagel. - 1986
  6. Medical Robotics: Minimally Invasive Surgery" by Stefan Weberm, Danail Stoyanov, Tamas Haidegger and chard M. Satava
  7. Agricultural Robots: Fundamentals and Applications - by Jun Zhou and Baohua Zhang – January 2019
  8. Robots in Space: Technology, Evolution, and Interplanetary Travel" by Roger D. Launius, Howard E. McCurdy - September 2012
  9. Autonomous Vehicles: Opportunities, Strategies and Disruptions: Updated and Expanded Second Edition Paperback – by Michael E. McGrath - December 2019
  10. Robots in Education: An Introduction to High-Tech Social Agents, Intelligent Tutors, and Curricular Tools Paperback – by by Fady Alnajjar, Christoph Bartneck, Paul Baxter - July 2021
  11. Robotics in General Surgery Hardcover – Keith Chae Kim - November 2013
  12. Implementation of Robot Systems: An introduction to robotics, automation, and successful systems integration in manufacturing - by Mike Wilson - December 2014
  13. Curiosity: An Inside Look at the Mars Rover Mission and the People Who Made It Happen - by Rod Pyle - July 15 2014
  15. Robots in Space: Technology, Evolution, and Interplanetary Travel Paperback – by Roger D. Launius, Howard E. McCurdy - September 2012