Computer Systems and Data Back up

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Why and how backing up data?

1 - Introduction


The loss of computer data, in the form of files and software, for personal use, businesses, projects can be inconvenient and sometimes catastrophic. Data may be lost due to power failure, serious hardware problems, physical damage, such as fire or flooding, to the system, computer virus and theft. Therefore it is necessary that copies of files and information stored in the computer be made and saved regularly. The operation of saving computer data regularly (every hour, or day, or week) is called backing up files.

2 - Back up Tools


Tools that may be used to back up data include small flash-based USB, CDs, DVDs, external hard drives for PC users. However more sophisticated techniques are needed for larger organizations such as insurance companies and banks.

The tools to choose depends on the size of the files to back up. For example files of 200 to 400 MB (approximately 400,000,000 bytes) may fit in a CD. However files of 3 to 5 GB (approximately 5,000,0000,000 bytes) fit into a DVD. For larger files with tens of GB, external hard disk drives (hdd) are necessary.

All the above storage devices such as USBs, CDs, DVDs and HDDs are fragile and breakable hence the need to more than one back up copy kept in safer places.