Draw Shapes in HTML5 Canvas

SEARCH THIS SITE

Custom Search



Once a canvas is created, JavaScript is used to draw shapes on it.

1 - Drawing a Line


Copy and paste the code below in Notepad++ (or any other HTML5 editor) and run it.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>
<canvas id="myFirstCanvas" width="300" height="300" style="border:4px solid #0000ff;">
This browser does not support the HTML5 canvas tag. </canvas>


<script>

// create a context first

var canvas1 = document.getElementById("myFirstCanvas");
var context1 = canvas1.getContext("2d");


// then draw shapes

context1.strokeStyle = "red";
context1.lineWidth = 1;
context1.moveTo(0,0);
context1.lineTo(200,100);
context1.stroke();


</script>

</body>
</html>

Explanations

Note: a line starting with // is a comment. Comments are used to make the program easy to understand.

The statement var canvas1 = document.getElementById("myFirstCanvas"); identifies the canvas to be used for drawing by its Id, in this case "myFirstCanvas".
The statement var context1 = canvas1.getContext("2d"); creates an object called context1 that has the properties and methods for drawing, writing, ...

context1.strokeStyle = "red"; defines the color to be used for drawing.
context1.lineWidth = 1; defines the width of the drawing.
context1.moveTo(0,0); move the drawing to the point (0,0).
context1.lineTo(200,100); define what to draw, here it is a line.
context1.stroke(); does the actual drawing.

When the above program is run, the canvas with a red line as shown below will be displayed on the screen of your computer.

one shape.

2 - Draw more than one Shape


More than one shape could be drawn in the same canvas. Copy and paste the code below in Notepad++ (or any other HTML5 editor) and run it.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>
<canvas id="myFirstCanvas" width="300" height="300" style="border:4px solid #000000;">
This browser does not support the HTML5 canvas tag. </canvas>

<script>
var canvas1 = document.getElementById("myFirstCanvas");
var context1 = canvas1.getContext("2d");

// Draw the first shape

context1.beginPath();
context1.strokeStyle = "red";
context1.lineWidth = 1;
context1.moveTo(0,0);
context1.lineTo(200,100);
context1.stroke();

// Draw the second shape

context1.beginPath();
context1.strokeStyle = "blue";
context1.lineWidth = 3;
context1.moveTo(0,0);
context1.lineTo(200,200);
context1.stroke();
</script>

</body>
</html>

Explanations

The statement context1.beginPath(); creates a path for each item to be drawn.

When the above program is run, the canvas with a red line and a blue line, as shown below, will be displayed on the screen of your computer.

two shape.

More Free HTML5 Canvas Tutorials